Bavaria: What you need to know
Where is it?
Since its reunification in 1990, the new Germany has consisted of 16 federal states. There are three city states – the capital city of Berlin, plus Hamburg and Bremen – and 13 diverse regions ranging from Schleswig-Holstein in the north to Bavaria in the south. The Free State of Bavaria is a state of Germany, located in the southeast.
Bavaria shares international borders with Austria and the Czech Republic as well as with Switzerland. Because all of these countries are part of the Shengen area, the border is completely open. Neighbouring states within Germany are Baden-Württemberg, Hessen, Thuringia and Saxony. Danube and “Main” are the major rivers flowing through the state. The Bavarian Alps define the border with Austria. Within is the highest peak in Germany, called “Zugspitze”. The Bavarian Forest and the Bohemian Forest form the vast majority of the frontier with the Czech Republic and Bohemia.
The major cities in Bavaria are Munich (capital city), Nuremberg, Augsburg, Regensburg, Würzburg, Ingolstadt, Fürth and Erlangen.
How do I get there?
A dense road and rail network and the airports of Munich, Nuremberg, Augsburg, Memmingen and Frankfurt allow you a comfortable journey to and inside Bavaria.
Find out with the help of route planners and electronic timetable information on the shortest or fastest accessibility by car and on departure and arrival times in rail and air transport (http://www.bayern.by/anreise-bayern-urlaub#).
Is it a good place to learn German?
Bavaria is a great place to live and study, but the German language in that region is very influenced by Switzerland and Austria and has therefor a very strong dialect that is not even understood by every native German speaker. However, if you study there it is possible to learn standard German because it is taughed in schools and mainly spoken in universities.
Moving to Munich: 3 things you need to know
1.) Where to work?
Munich has the strongest economy of any German city. It is also the economic centre of southern Germany. Munich is considered a global city and holds the headquarters of Siemens AG (electronics), BMW (car), MAN AG (truck manufacturer, engineering), Linde (gases), Allianz (insurance), Munich Re (re-insurance), and Rohde & Schwarz (electronics). Munich is also the home of the headquarters of many other large companies such as the aircraft engine manufacturer MTU Aero Engines, the injection molding machine manufacturer Krauss-Maffei and many more. The German or European headquarters of many foreign companies such as McDonald’s and Microsoft are represented there.
2.) How to get around?
Munich and its closest suburbs have one of the most comprehensive and punctual public tansport systems in the world, incorporating the Munich U-Bahn (underground railway), the Munich S-Bahn (suburban trains), trams and buses. The system is supervised by the Munich Transport and Tariff Association. Munich also has an extensive network of bus lines. (http://www.muenchen.de/verkehr/oeffentlicher-nahverkehr.html)
3.) Which university?
The two biggest universities in Munich are Ludwig Maximilian University (LMU) with 18 faculties and 100 disciplines and the Technical University (TU) focused on natural and engineer sciences. But even the smaller universities like the “Fachhochschule” can be interesting for foreign students. Have a look at the list of universities and colleges in Munich and whole Bavaria in the link below.
To study in Munich is coupled with a lot of bureaucracy. As a non-EU citizen you need a visa. Furthermore you have to pass the DSH or Test-DaF examination to prove your german language abibility. Compared to other European universities studying in Munich is relatively worth the money. At least, since 2013 there are no college tuitions anymore. But of course there are monthly costs that modify from university to university. Everyday life, costs of health insurance and general expenses (clothing, food, accommodation) can be really expensive in Munich. So, please don’t hesitate to ask for a scholarship at your chosen university, at institutions or enterprises to help you to finance your studying in Munich. Who dares wins!