In the heart of Italy and along the Tyrrhenian Sea, Lazio is the center of Italian political life thanks to the presence of the government and Parliament; it is the center of the Catholic world because there is the Vatican, and one of the favorite destinations for tourism the countless monuments of Roman civilization and, along the northern border of Tuscany, the Etruscan civilization.
In addition to the area of Rome, the rest of the land is mostly flat and hilly, with mountains in the area of Rieti such as Monte Terminillo (2213 m), and to the north an area of low mountains of volcanic origin, where craters have numerous lakes origin. More than half the population of the region live in or around Rome.
There are two airport:
You can tech the city (Rome):
The Leonardo Express is the direct train that serves the route between the airport and the centre of the city of Rome every 30 minutes, tickets around 11 Euros.
By Terravision Shuttle- airport to the central station of Rome, Termini, http://www.terravision.eu around 4 Euros
By cab but you are stocked in the traffic and you take a long time to reach the centre of the city.
Roma Ciampino https://www.adr.it/web/aeroporti-di-roma-en-/pax-fco-fiumicino
Or by cab.
Moving to Rome:
Step 1 Visa & Legal
Lazio n is one of the both region of Italy that is part of the European Union. If you are coming from a EU country or one of the countries that are associated with the Schengen are(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schengen_Area) you do not need a Visa to enter the Country. You can also stay there as long as you want.
If you do not belong to one of the 26 countries under the EU, then according to how long you plan to be in Italy, what you want to do there and where are you coming from, you will need a Visa.
If you want to go to Rome to study or are doing internships or training, please click the following link to see all the terms and conditions: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/immigration/study-or-training/index_en.htm or more details below
If the reason why you are going to Turin is to work, you need to get what is called a “blue card”, a special type of Visa that will allow you to work anywhere within the EU. http://apply.eu/BlueCard/Italy/.It is quite difficult to get it however, and requirements vary depending on your country of origin. Many people come to Europe to study first and then apply for a working visa afterwards because it is a bit easier to get (in Italy you can not be hire if you do not have at least an intermediate level of italian). Please follow the link below for further information about specific requirements:
Once you get the visa you can travel throughout Europe without problems.
If you come from an EU country, you can stay in Italy for up to three months without restrictions or formalities: you only need to have a valid identity document for travel abroad released by your country.
After three months from the date you will need to enroll Anagrafe of your Italian town of residence.
You will need these documents:
- certificate of registration to the University;
- documents proving your health care coverage;
- documents showing a small budget adequate for your stay in Italy.
If you are a citizen of a country that does not belong to the European Union (and is not Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Switzerland , San Marino) and you would like to live in Turin or Italy for more than three months , you must apply for a residence permit within eight days of your arrival in Italy .
You can submit your application at any post office where there is the ” Sportello Amico ” .
You will need these documents :
- Photocopy of the passport page with your personal information , the page with the visa , any other page containing stamps;
- photocopy of the letter of invitation of the University stating the course you want to sign up, stamped by the diplomatic representation / Italian Consulate to issue a visa ;
- certificate of registration to the University ;
- photocopy of the documentation certifying the availability of adequate financial resources for the duration of the residence permit;
- health insurance for the period of your stay in Italy, with an indication of your name (in the West) , the period and type of coverage , the validity for the ‘ ” Schengen Area ” , a minimum cover of € 30,000 . There shall be the policy wording in Italian , English, French or Spanish.
When you submit the application to the Post Office , the clerk will give u the proof of the registration, which also indicates the user ID and password.
Until you have received the electronic residence permit , you will need to take with you this receipt (or a copy) and passport.
The post office will give you a s convocation’s document for the mug-shot ( with recognition of your fingerprint)at the Police , the Immigration Office of Via Teofilo Patini, 23. www.portaleimmigrazione.it You can also check the status of your permit ( Foreign Area ) or www.poliziadistato.it ( residence permits ), you will need the user ID and password that you find on the postal.
Step 2: Accommodation
When you move into a new place, it is necessary to find a suitable place to live. Choosing the right place to live is an important decision. So, looking for your ideal accommodation is not an easy task, the Room in the Moon is here to help. Check out the following links to give you an idea of what is available to you:
http://www.bakeca.it/home.php Student only or young people
If you want to rent a house in Rome you don’t need any kind of document just visit the website and rent the house/apartment or room: single room (camera singola), double room (camera doppia) or an entire house.
In Italy it is common to search your future house by web, only if you would like to buy one you do through Agency.
The main website to search an apartment to rent are:
Step 3 Transport
Rome is a very busy city, if you take the cab you will be stock in traffic for a long time both during the day and night. So it is better take the public transports like:
Metro: runs approximately every 7-10 minutes, from 5:30am until 11.30pm every day, (until 0:30am on Saturdays). you ca buy ticket at newsstands, tabacchis, or vending machines. The drivers do not sell any tickets. http://www.rome.info/metro/
Nite bus: over 20 night bus lines run from 00:30am to 5:30am. The main terminal stations are Termini (Piazza dei Cinquecento) and Piazza Venezia. From these two piazzas buses leave for all directions every 30 minutes. Night bus stops are marked with an owl. You can purchase tickets on board.
Step 4 :Work
As EU citizen or a member of the Schengen Agreement countries (Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein), you do not need to apply for a special work visa. The European Union allows you to work in any EU member state.
Otherwise you must apply for a work visa at the Ministry of Foreign Affair http://www.esteri.it/visti/tipologie_eng.asp via the nearest Italian Embassy or Consulate.
When you are looking for a job in Italy the most important skill is the language, you have to speak just a little bit Italian and getting better by time. Not all Italian companies hire people that do not speak Italian. The international company or big company hire people that speak English http://www.prospects.ac.uk/work_in_italy.htm
EEA countries have reciprocal arrangements whereby, if you apply for a certain document, you are entitled to healthcare in another EEA country at a reduced cost. For example, in United Kingdom, this document is called a European Health Insurance Card. However if you are coming from outside of EEA, until you start work, you will need to have your own health insurance.
You can find a job in Rome trough the agency http://www.italialavoro.it/wps/portal/italialavoro/ or thanks to the website:
Step-5: Health system
EEA countries and Switzerland have reciprocal arrangements whereby, if you apply for a certain document, you are entitled to healthcare in another EEA country at a reduced cost.
If you have been successful in obtaining work in Rome, and you are making social security contributions through your salary, you can apply for a Social Security card by presenting your social security number at your local GP practice. With this card, you can take advantage of state healthcare. If you are here just for a trip you do not need the Health Care, the First aid in Italy is free.
The holders of a “European Health Insurance Card” (EHIC), issued in their country of origin, benefit from the medical services previously covered by E111 and E128 forms. EHIC allows a student to obtain access to the treatment which is “medically necessary” while on a temporary stay in Italy.
Citizens from outside the European Community, regularly staying in Italy, can choose between two possible types of health insurance :
- Public health insurance supplied by SSN: it provides complete healthcare upon payment of a fee of 149.77 euros per solar year, namely until 31st December in the year of payment. In this case, it is necessary to apply to the competent ASL, for the required bureaucratic fulfillment’s.
- Private health insurance which has to be bought directly at an Insurance Company.
Step 6: Money and Utilities
In Rome as in all Italy, the currency used is the Euro (€). The country is part of the Eurozone and so any European country using Euros will be familiar with this type of currency; the value of which does not change.
If you are coming from an area of Europe outside of the Eurozone, you need to exchange money. Click on the link below to work out the exchange rate of the Euro vs. other currencies:
If you are planning to stay in Italy for a long period, it is advisable to open a bank account – you will pay a monthly tax. Furthermore, it is a requirement to have a bank account in order to be hired by a company so if you are looking for full time work please bear this in mind.
Here some of the Italian Bank:
Prepaid credit card
All the Italian bank as the prepaid Card and it is easy to have, you can top up your card by bank transfer (swift code) and allows you to withdraw cash in Italy and abroad and to make purchases online and in stores around the world, you do not need to have a checking account.
Thanks to the circuits of prepaid card, you can use anywhere, in Italy and abroad, on the Internet and in all atm point. you can check all the link above if you are interested on the prepaid card.
The international code in Italy is 0039 or +39
There are many mobile service providers in Italy and a selection of popular companies are provided below:
Depending on how you will use your device, there are many different types of contract to choose from, such as minute usage and Internet data for example. It is important to select the right plan for your budget, so it is recommended to spend a bit of time assessing all the options available to you. If you would like to stay in Italy less then a years it is better that you have a pre-pay plan instead of the contract.
if you rent a house/apartment you can have a headline plus internet:
- http://www.telecomitalia.com/tit/en.html telecom Italia
- http://www.vodafone.it/portal/Privati/adsl-telefono Vodafone
- http://company.fastweb.it/en/nuova-offerta-fastweb-per-la-casa/ Fastweb
- http://www.infostrada.it/it/privati/ Infostrada
- http://www.teletu.it teletu
these are the major telephone company in Italy.
If you are going to Rome to study then you should get an International Student Card that will get you plenty of discounts on the Cinema, museums, transport, restaurants and shops. In addition, the ISIC organizes plenty of activities that make it the perfect way to socialize as well. Please find further information in the following link: http://www.isic.org
Students have discount on city public transport subscription ( only if you do the monthly or year not for the single journey)
Households and Bills
When planning to move to a new country, one of the most important things that you need to figure out is how much money you need for your household, in order to plan how much you will need every month.
The main household bills are electricity, water, gas and the Internet that is the owner’s choice whether to include the cost to rent or make paying your bills separately,generally speaking when you rent a house all these households are included on the rent.
The Internet and landline usually cost about 40€ a month and typically includes broadband with unlimited national calls. You can find all the headline company above.
Step 7: Food
One of the best things in Italy is food. You can find all kind of foods in a open-air-market, groceries or supermarket. Well, about the groceries and the open air markets there are not website to look for you can jump into when tou are walking in the city. about the supermarket you can take a look on the list here below:
When in Rome, one thing you won’t have to worry about, being able to find a nice place to eat is very easy. From family run trattorias and pizzerias, to fancier, hip restaurants, Rome knows how to quench your hunger and satisfy her visitors with her savory specialties. Roman food is a popular, yet simple one. It is not sophisticated or elaborate, but generous, rich in flavors and character, and full of many mouth-watering recipe:
- Bruschetta (simple, and among the best, farmer’s bread grilled, rubbed with garlic, drizzled with olive oil and sprinkled with salt, ordering al pomodoro adds a bunch of cube tomatoes on top)
- Carciofi alls giuda (artichokes lightly fried in olive oil, a very popular dish in restaurants Jewish ghetto)
- Bucatini all’amatriciana, thick hollow spaghetti in tomato sauce studded with slightly spicy bacon or guanciale
- spaghetti carbonara with eggs, bacon and cracked pepper
- Penne all’arrabbiata, Hopping mad in a spicy tomato sauce
- Gnocchi, potato-based pasta dumplings
- Coda alla vaccinara, braised oxtail with tomatoes
- Pajata, made of calves’ intestines still clotted with mother’s milk.
here a list of restaurant: http://www.yelp.co.uk/search?find_desc=restaurants&find_loc=rome&ns=1&ls=63a7a2f113c070d1
Step 8: Social
Rome is alive at night, which is the city where the party never ends. (Clubs do not get going until after midnight.) Thursday to Sunday evenings are when the whole city seems to be in the city. Monday through Wednesday the roads are much quieter.
it is impossible to make a lists of all of bars and clubs in Rome because are a lot!
here the link that will help you to find out what to do to enjoy your life in the Caput Mundi (Rome):
Step 9: Sight-seen
it is not easy to think about what are the most important historical monuments of Rome .. It is one of the oldest cities in the world and with more history ever.
- Colosseo: is one of the most majestic ancient structures. During the years of its glory was white, completely covered in slabs of travertine stone. It is elliptical in shape to hold more viewers: it had four floors: the first three had eighty arches each, the arches on the second and third floors were decorated with huge statues. What we can see today is the skeleton of what was the largest arena in the ancient world. Three-fifths of the outer surrounding brick wall are missing. In the Middle Ages, the Colosseum was transformed into an enormous marble, lead and iron quarry used by Popes to build several monuments including St Peter. http://archeoroma.beniculturali.it/en/archaeological-site/colosseum
- Basilica di San Pietro: is located in Vatican City, an independent sovereign State on the right bank of the Tiber, inside Rome. What you see today is what remains of the temporal dominions of the Church, that at the end of the nineteenth century were annexed to Italy. The Basilica with the ribbed dome stands impressively in the square that seems to accommodate all the faithful of the world in the embrace of Mother Church, is the work of the most famous architects and geniuses of the Renaissance and Baroque periods, and rests on the foundations of the Constantinian Basilica, which lasted over a thousand years and that, in turn, concerned about a sacred mausoleums of Pagan- Christians. http://www.ticketsrome.com/en/
Tip: if you want to have a view over the whole city you should definitely go to the top of the dome of the basilica. You can book on line or queuing .. the cost of entry is about 5 euro. http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_pietro/it/cupola/orari.htm
- Pantheon: is a notable building architecturally. Basically a cylinder with a dome floating on top of the columns, is the largest masonry vault ever built. At the center of this dome is a hole bringing a ray of light to show the beauty of this building and its relatively simple, open interior.Originally built in 27 BC and rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian in 120 AD, the temple was damaged and pillaged over time. In 609 AD it became a Christian church. In the 17th century a part of its ceiling of bronze was taken and melted for use in St. Peter’s Basilica. http://www.rome.info/pantheon/
- Musei Vaticani/ Cappella Sistina: contain one of the largest art collections in the world. Housed in the richly decorated galleries and apartments of the Vatican Palace, Vatican Museums boast the largest collection of classical sculpture in the world, as well as large works of art from the Etruscan, Egyptian, Early Christian, Renaissance and modern and the wonderful Sistine Chapel. Sistine’s ceiling depicts scenes from Genesis in dramatic and moving detail, while the Last Judgement on the end wall is impressive and powerful. As if that were not enough, the side walls are covered with important Renaissance frescoes by other artists, depicting biblical scenes and contemporary popes. But the Sistine Chapel is more than the sum of its artistic wonders: it is a symbolic statement of papal authority and the place where the papal elections in conclave are kept up to date. http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/MV_Home.html
- Fontana di Trevi: is a fantastic work of art that is much more than a simple sculpture. This triumphant example of Baroque art with its soft lines and natural and fantasy creatures embodies movement as the soul of the world. The fountain is a true wonder, a jewel of water and stone that is nestled between the palaces of the historic center of the city. Tradition has it that you will return to Rome if you throw a coin into the water basin of the fountain. You should toss it with your hand over the opposite shoulder giving the back to the fountain and make a wish! http://www.trevifountain.net
- Foro Romano: is one of the most famous landmarks in the world, built 2000 years ago, at the height of the Roman Empire. The venue in the heart of Rome hosted emperors and the crowds who came to live performances of sport, culture, government, and religion. Today, the Forum is for the most part ruins, standing as a monument to the past, a lasting legacy of Roman ingenuity, wealth and power. http://www.tickitaly.com/galleries/forum-rome-italy.php
- Castel Sant’Angelo: also known as the Mausoleum of Hadrian, is a summary of the history of Rome, layer upon layer, structure upon structure, a real palimpsest. Originally, it was the most beautiful of all the Roman imperial tombs, in the Middle Ages became a fortress and in the Renaissance, a place of pleasure for the Popes.It is perhaps the most complete and attractive monument in Rome that can offer. The original tomb of the second century A.D. was 6 floors high, like a monumental birthday cake. It was covered in marble and topped by an artificial hill with cypress trees and sculptures, and the largest depicted the Emperor Hadrian, who driving a chariot, holding the reins of four horses. http://www.rome.info/vatican/castel-sant-angelo/
- Piazza Navona: the most beautiful Baroque square in Rome, is located on the ancient track of the Stadium of Domitian, or Agonalis Circus , built in 85 AD to accommodate the Greek athletic games , agones , keeping in time the rectangular shape of the arena characterized by curved north side. Surrounded by two imposing rows of arches of travertine, decorated with Ionic and Corinthian capitals; it could accommodate up to 30,000 spectators who had access thanks to the two main entrances located at the center of the two long sides. The square returned to be used in the second half of the fifteenth century , when it was transferred to the market. In 1485 it was paved to facilitate the many festivals and processions that took place there more often .
- In the 500 , the square was decorated by the three fountains donated by Pope Gregory XIII Boncompagni , and later , Pope Innocent X ,built the imposing palace Pamphili, work performed by Gorolamo Rainaldi. http://www.aviewoncities.com/rome/piazzanavona.htm
Step 10: Cultural & Language
There are many international students in Rome that attending Italian University and before they starting the courses they have to learn italian. Here the accent is very hard to understand even if you italian, it can be hard to, they use Rome’s dialect and cut all the words!
There are schools and course where you can learn Italian.