Project Description

Moving to Canada – 5 things you must to know

Canada is a country recognized across the world as having beautiful scenery, friendly people, and a vibrant culture. Here is some information you should know if you are planning on moving to Canada:


The Regions

As the second largest country in the world, Canada consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories. The Western Coast of Canada is comprised of only one province known as British Columbia. The Prairie Provinces, which get their name from widespread grasslands, consists of 3 provinces known as Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. Northern Canada consists of the country’s three territories known as Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut. Central Canada is comprised of the country’s two most populated areas, Ontario and Quebec. Atlantic Canada consists of the Eastern most provinces of the country known as New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland & Labrador. Each region in Canada is very patriotic and friendly, but the culture of each is different based on their location and form of economy. The further north you go in Canada, the more rural the cities become.

For more information about the regions of Canada, please visit this website.


The Weather

In Canada, the weather varies depending on the region. Since Canada is so big, the weather is usually different from coast to coast, especially during winter. Canada has four main seasons: Summer (May-September), Fall/Autumn (September-November), Winter (November-March), Spring (March-May). Here are the average temperatures for the capital cities of each province/territory:

  Spring Summer Fall Winter
Victoria, BC 10 16 8 5
Edmonton, Alberta 6 19 5 -9
Regina, Saskatchewan 7 19 4 -15
Winnipeg, Manitoba 5 21 6 -14
Toronto, Ontario 9 23 10 -3
Quebec City, Quebec 5 20 6 -13
Fredericton, New Brunswick 5 21 7 -9
Charlottetown, PEI 5 19 9 -8
Halifax, Nova Scotia 5 20 9 -6
St. John’s, Newfoundland 3 17 7 -5
Whitehorse, Yukon 3 14 1 -18
Yellowknife, Northwest Territories -5 17 -1 -26
Iqaluit, Nunavut -12 9 -3 -28


The Culture

Canada is known as one of the most multicultural countries in the world, with a high immigrant population. The majority of people are of British or French background, but there is also a high presence of European, Asian, African, and Arab backgrounds. The indigenous people, who still remain a large part of society today, have a large influence in Canadian culture. The bigger cities in Canada, such as Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver, are very multicultural and tend to incorporate many different aspects of different cultures into their food, music, art, etc. The smaller, rural cities in Canada are where you will find more Canadian heritage and history.

The Canadian people are known globally as extremely polite and friendly. They are also seen as very sympathetic and apologetic when they do something wrong. Canadians are also very proud of their country and tend to travel with a Canadian flag on their bag when they go abroad. Canada is known for ice hockey, lacrosse, vast amounts of fresh water, clean cities, saying “eh!” and “sorry”, a wide variety of animals, gorgeous scenery, its promotion of human rights, and strong financial sector.


The Language

There are two official languages in Canada: English and French. 56.9% of people recognize English as their native language, while 23.1% recognize French as their native tongue. Quebec and New Brunswick are the main bilingual provinces, while the rest of the provinces and territories in Canada speak mostly English. Most jobs in Canada require you to know English, but most government jobs will require you to be bilingual. There are also several other languages spoken in Canada, such as Spanish, Italian, German, Chinese, Arabic, Cantonese, and Punjabi. Immigrant languages make up 20% of the population’s native tongue.

If you are looking to improve your language skills, the Government of Canada offers tax-funded language courses for both English and French. For more information about this program, please visit this website.

The Food & Drink

When it comes to food in Canada, there is a very diverse range of food everywhere you go. Almost every big city has its own Chinatown, Little Italy, etc. When it comes to national food, Canada has a variety of signature dishes that are particularly “Canadian”. Some of the most popular include maple syrup, poutine (cheese curds, French fries, and gravy), Kraft Dinner, Molson beer, Montreal-style bagels, perogies, Ketchup chips, butter tarts, Nanaimo bars, and California rolls. Salmon and lobster are very popular dishes in Atlantic Canada.

In most well developed areas in Canada, you will find a variety of restaurants, most of which are Canadian or American corporations. Some of the most well known Canadian-owned restaurants include Tim Horton’s, Boston Pizza, Swiss Chalet, Montana’s Cookhouse, Milestones, and Beaver Tails. However, in every city, you will find locally owned restaurants that are both amazing and unique.

Canada is also known for its production of beer. The top breweries in Canada include Molson, Moosehead, Sleeman, Carling, Labatt, and Alexander Keith’s.