Schleswig-Holstein: What you need to know
Where is it?
Since its reunification in 1990, the new Germany has consisted of 16 federal states. There are three city states – the capital city of Berlin, plus Hamburg and Bremen – and 13 diverse regions ranging from Schleswig-Holstein in the north to Bavaria in the south. Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the sixteen states of Germany. Its capital city is Kiel; other notable cities are Lübeck, Flensburg and Neumünster. Schleswig-Holstein lies on the base of Jutland Peninsula between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. It borders to Denmark (Region Syddanmark) to the north, the North Sea to the west, the Baltic Sea to the east, and the German states of Lower Saxony, Hamburg, and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern to the south.
How do I get there?
If you want to reach Schleswig-Holstein’s capital city Kiel, there are several ways to travel:
Kiel is situated near an important pan-European motorway, the A 7, which connects northern Europe with central and southern Europe.
Kiel has a central station with hourly trains to Hamburg, Lübeck, Flensburg, and to Husum. Moreover, the Intercity Express (ICE) connects Kiel with Berlin, Frankfurt, Cologne, and Munich.
Kiel is a significant port for passenger and cargo shipping from Germany to Scandinavia, the Baltic States, and Russia. Passenger ferries operate from and to Gothenburg in Sweden, Oslo in Norway and Klaipėda in Lithuania. Cargo ferries operate from and to Saint Petersburg in Russia and Kaliningrad in Russia.
The nearest international airport is Hamburg Airport, which is situated approximately 90 kilometres to the south of Kiel. There is a shuttle bus service operating between Hamburg Airport and Kiel central station. There is also Airport in Lübeck.
Is it a good place to learn German?
German is the official language, Low German, Danish, and North Frisian are also common in Schleswig-Holstein.
Historically, Low German, Danish, and Frisian were spoken. Low German is still used in many parts of the state, and a pidgin of Low and standardised German is used in most areas. Danish is used by the Danish minority in Southern Schleswig, and Frisian is spoken by the North Frisians of the North Sea Coast and the Northern Frisian Islands in Southern Schleswig. The North Frisian dialect called Heligolandic is spoken on the island of Heligoland.
Standard German was introduced in the 16th century, mainly for official purposes, but is today the predominant language.
Moving to Kiel: 3 things you need to know
1.) Where to live?
Kiel offers a lot of great places to live. To give you some idea’s depending on your budget take a look on the list below.
The most desired districts in Kiel would be Duesternbrook and the area along the Kiel Fjord an inlet of the Baltic Sea in general.
Duesternbrook: Today the area is known primarily as a residential district and as the seat of state government.
Some medium range districts would be Suedfriedhof and Gaarden-Ost.
Suedfriedhof: in the King Street of the district has developed a small, fine art district. You can find many things around the Kiel art.
Gaarden-Ost: it is a district of Kiel on the eastern shore of the Kiel Fjord.
Schwentinental: one of the less expensive areas would be located more in the inner part of the country in the region of the Schwentinental.
2.) Where to work?
Kiel’s economy is dominated by the service sector, transport and maritime industries. Kiel is also one of the major ports of the German Navy, and a leading centre of German high-tech military and civil shipbuilding. Kiel is the home of Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft, a shipyard founded in 1838 famed for its construction of submarines. HDW built the first German submarine Brandtaucher in 1850, and is today a subsidiary of ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems, the leading German group of shipyards.
3.) How to get around?
Within the city of Kiel you can easily reach your destination by public transportation systems like trains and buses.
Use the mobile phone app “Deutsche Bahn Navigation” that gives you access to all information of local busstops and trainstations. It tells you the walking distance to and between close stations and if there are any delays expected. Tickets can usually be baught at any ticket maschine at every trainstation or right in the bus.
You can also visit the website (http://www.kvg-kiel.de/en/kvg/) for more information espacially for Kiel.